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Essays by sandra cisneros

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business plan cover Write a Winning Business Plan. B usiness P lanning. What are the Benefits? Every wholesale, retail, and/or service business can benefit from the essays by sandra preparation of a carefully written business plan. There are two main purposes for writing that plan. There is an additional benefit if you do business internationally. Your business plan will serve as your guide during the lifetime of your operation. It is the blueprint of your business and will provide you with the tools to analyze your operation and implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability. A business plan is a requirement if you are planning to seek financing.

It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on all aspects of your company's past and lethem, current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of by sandra cisneros, evaluating your products' business potential in a foreign marketplace. Business Plan Outline. Compare! The following pages provide a suggested outline of the material to be included in your business plan. Your final plan may vary according to your specific needs or individual requirements of your lender or investor.

Cover Sheet (Serves as the title page of your business plan) Name, address, and essays by sandra cisneros, phone number of the company. Name, title, address, phone number of owners/corporate officers. Month and year your plan was prepared. Name of preparer. Copy number of the jonathan plan. Table of essays, Contents (Quick reference to major topics covered in daoism essay, your plan) The executive summary is the abstract of your business plan. It summarizes the content and purpose of your finished plan, covering all of the key points. This is a key section if you are seeking funding. Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and why it is unique) Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is positioned to essays by sandra cisneros take advantage of) Capital Requirements, Breakdown of Uses of Funds, Repayment of Loan or Benefits to essay Investors. (include only essays if you are seeking funding) Management (who they are and strengths each one brings to the company) Competitors (direct and compare, indirect); list their strengths and weaknesses. Your Company's Competitive Advantages.

Financial Projections (summary of Income Statement Projections for next 3 years) Note : Write the executive summary after you have completed your business plan. It is a summary. Part I: The Organizational Plan. What is included? This section should include a summary description of your business statement followed by information on the administrative end of cisneros, your company. Summary Description of the lethem Business.

In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the nature of your business, telling when and why the company was formed. Then complete the summary by briefly addressing: mission (projecting short- and long-term goals) business model (describe your company's model and why it is unique to essays by sandra cisneros your industry) strategy (give an overview of the strategy, focusing on short- and plan, long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and cisneros, threats that your company will face, both internal and external) Products or Services. If you are the manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of a product: Describe your products. Tell briefly about your manufacturing process. Include information on suppliers and availability of materials.

If you are a retailer and/or an e-tailer: Describe the products you sell. Include information about your sources and handling of inventory and is not for students, fulfillment. Cisneros! If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and fedex business, Patents. Back up in Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location. Project costs associated with the location.

Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in by sandra cisneros, Supporting Documents. Note: If location is important to marketing, cover in Part II - The Marketing Plan. Describe your legal structure and jonathan, why it is advantageous for your company. List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). List the essays by sandra cisneros people who are (or will be) running the business. Describe their responsibilities and abilities.

Project their salaries. (Include resumes in Supporting Documents) How many employees will you have in what positions? What are the necessary qualifications? How many hours will they work and at what wage? Project future needs for adding employees. Accounting: What system will you set up for daily accounting? Who will you use for a tax accountant? Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in persausive essay, mind.) What kinds of by sandra, insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health)

What will it cost and who will you use for a carrier? Address security in terms of inventory control and theft of information (online and off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan. Lethem Essay! What is a marketing plan?

The Marketing Plan defines all of the components of your marketing strategy. You will address the details of by sandra, your market analysis, sales, advertising, and public relations campaigns. The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies. Overview and Goals of Your Marketing Strategy. Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and business plan, weaknesses. Cisneros! Market Trends (identify industry trends and customer trends) Market Research (describe methods of research, database analysis, and results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and off-line with expected ROIs) Method of Sales and Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website) Packaging (quality considerations and packaging) Pricing (price strategy and competitive position.

Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and leadership positions) Description of Customer Service Activities. Expected Outcomes of on hobbes and locke, Achieving Excellence. Implementation of essays by sandra cisneros, Marketing Strategy. Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents. The quantitative part of plan, your business plan. This section of the business plan is the quantitative interpretation of everything you stated in the organizational and marketing plans. Do not do this part of your plan until you have finished those two sections.

Financial documents are the records used to show past, current, and projected finances. The following are the major documents you will want to include in your Business Plan. The work is much easier if they are done in the order presented because they build on each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed. Essays By Sandra! Summary of Financial Needs (needed only if you are seeking financing) This is an good persausive, outline giving the following information: Why you are applying for by sandra financing. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only if you are seeking financing) Tell How you intend to disperse the loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data. Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget) This document projects what your Business Plan means in terms of dollars. Good Persausive! It shows cash inflow and outflow over cisneros, a period of time and is used for jonathan essay internal planning. It is of prime interest to the lender and shows how you intend to repay your loan. Essays Cisneros! Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in and out of your business.

Three-Year Income Projection. A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for your company for fedex business the next three years. Use the essays cisneros revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for the 1st year's figures and project for the next two years according to expected economic and industry trends. Jonathan Lethem Essay! Projected Balance Sheet. Projection of essays by sandra cisneros, Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth of your company at end of next fiscal year. The break-even point is the point at persausive essay, which a company's expenses exactly match the sales or service volume. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by cisneros total expenses -or- (2) Total units of production (cost of which exactly equals the income derived by their sales). This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Revenue and expense figures are drawn from the three-year income projection. Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements.

They reflect the lethem activity of your business in the past. Essays By Sandra! If your business is new and has not yet begun operations: the and conrast financial section will end here and you will add a Personal Financial History. If yours is an essays by sandra cisneros, established business: you will include the is not necessary for students following actual performance statements. Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over a period of time (monthly, annually). It is a moving picture showing what has happened in your business and is an excellent tool for by sandra assessing your business. Your ledger is closed and balanced and persausive essay, the revenue and expense totals transferred to this statement. Essays! Shows the condition of the business as of a fixed date. It is a picture of your firm's financial condition at a particular moment and essays and locke, will show you whether your financial position is strong or weak.

It is usually done at the close of an accounting period. Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and cisneros, (3) Net Worth. Essay! Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and balance sheets to develop a study of relationships and by sandra, comparisons of: (1) Items in a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for a period of time, or (3) your statements with those of other businesses. Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to compare your business with industry standards. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to industry standards will be especially critical in determining whether or not the essays loan or venture funds are justified.

Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin) Debt Ratios (debt to assets, debt to equity) Measures of Investment (return on investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of by sandra, components in good persausive, a single financial statement) Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the cisneros increases and decreases in the items on daoism essay comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is a summary of financial information about your company from cisneros, its start to the present. The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and good, the same. If you have completed the rest of the financial section, you should have all of the information you need to transfer to this document. Part IV: Supporting Documents. This section of by sandra, your plan will contain all of the records that back up the statements and decisions made in the three main parts of your business plan. The most common supporting documents are: Include resumes for owners and management. A resume should a one-page document. Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and good persausive essay, honors, and a focus on special skills relating to the company position.

Owners' Financial Statements. A statement of personal assets and liabilities. For a new business owner, this will be part of your financial section. Business and personal from suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and banks. By Sandra! Copies of Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc.

All agreements currently in force between your company and a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency. Letters of Reference. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and reliable business person worthy of being considered a good risk. (both business and personal references) Include all business contracts, both completed and jonathan lethem, currently in force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc. Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc. All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in the main body of the plan. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together. When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the by sandra potential lender or investor needs to essay know that it was done by you. A business plan will be the best indicator that can be used to judge your potential for success. It should be no more than 30 to essays cisneros 40 pages in length, excluding supporting documents. If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the supporting documents that will be of immediate interest to the person examining your plan.

Keep the others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. Jonathan Lethem! Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to approach. Keep track of each copy that you give out. If you are turned down for essays by sandra cisneros financing, be sure to retrieve your business plan. Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Your business plan will be beneficial only if you update it frequently to reflect what is happening within your business. Measure your projections against what actually happens in your company. Essay! Use the results to cisneros analyze the effectiveness of your operation. You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable.

Linda Pinson is daoism essay, a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator. She is the owner of Out of essays by sandra cisneros, Your Mind. and Into the Marketplace#8482;, publisher of educational how-to books and software for new and established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of which is Anatomy of homework is not necessary essay, a Business Plan, winner of the essays by sandra cisneros Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the lethem essay Year Award and basis of the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to Write a Business Plan. She is essays, also the developer of Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for essays Windows ® . Her books are in libraries and bookstores throughout the U.S. and have been translated into Spanish, Italian, Chinese and essays, other languages for foreign use. The books and software are used as course material in universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and essays, technical schools, and also for training and essays, development within corporations.

OUT OF YOUR MIND. AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM. 13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA. Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414. Is Not For Students Essay! Copyright 1996-2015 Linda Pinson - All rights reserved.

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Sandra Cisneros Essay Examples | Kibin

Sample Fiction Essays Essays and Research Papers. Fiction Essay Thiago De Souza Liberty University Abstract In this essay , “The Rocking Horse Winner” and “The . Lottery” are compared and essays contrasted. Their different themes and different characters have some similarities. The things the characters do and want ultimately brings them to their very own downfall. Throughout this essay , I talk about daoism essay how these characters are just like every ordinary person and by sandra how our society is daoism essay, well represented by the different themes in each of these stories. Cisneros? One. A Story , Difference , Irony 1209 Words | 4 Pages. ENG 102-D18 FICTION ESSAY Professor Penner Matthew Kinsman 11 April 2011 Thesis Statement: In the stories “The Lottery” . and “Young Goodman Brown”, one can see how the author reflects the mood of the piece through the setting of the piece. Jonathan Lethem Essay? Outline: I. Comparisons A. Not in modern times B. Dialogue reveals setting II.

Contrasts A. One bleak B. One hopeful III. Conclusion statement A. Relevance B. Timelessness . Allegory , Fiction , Goodman 777 Words | 3 Pages. Engl 102 Fiction Essay Thesis and by sandra cisneros Outline Thesis: In both “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and “The Most Dangerous . Compare And Conrast Essays? Game” by Richard Connell, the authors write to emphasize the essays by sandra cisneros sanctity of life through the conflicts endured by their main characters both implicitly and explicitly. I. Essay? Introduction A. Thesis Statement B. “The Lottery” by essays by sandra Shirley Jackson brief description C. “The Most Dangerous Game” by Richard Connell brief description II. Characterization A. “The Lottery”.

Bloodlust! , Richard Connell , Short story 1009 Words | 4 Pages. ? Fiction Essay English 102: Literature and essays Composition Summer 2011 MLA Style . Perseverance Played Out “The Rocking-Horse Winner” and essays “The Most Dangerous Game” In D.H. Good? Lawrence’s “The Rocking-Horse Winner” and Richard Connell’s “The Most Dangerous Game”, the reader is given insight into the lives of two males: Sanger Rainsford in Most Dangerous Game, and a boy, Paul, in Rocking-Horse. Equally Lawrence and Connell are wickedly clever in their details. Boy , D. H. Lawrence , Hunting 1286 Words | 4 Pages. Short Story Essay English 102-D25 Composition and Literature Spring ’13 D Joy Culwell New Braunfels, TX Prentice Hall Reference . Guide-MLA Outline and Thesis Statement I. Essays By Sandra? Introduction a. And Conrast? Conflict/Plot/Structure b. “The Child by by sandra cisneros Tiger” by Thomas Wolfe c. “The Most Dangerous Game” by lethem Richard Connell d. By Sandra Cisneros? Thesis i. These two stories have showed many similarities and differences; some of which are straight forward but others require paying a little more. Richard Connell , Short story , The Most Dangerous Game 1322 Words | 4 Pages. Fictional writing is any type of writing that is not factual. Fictional writing most often takes the form of a story meant to convey an authors point . in view or simply to essay entertain. The outcome of this may be a short story, novel, or drama.

Fiction has different types of characteristics that make up the fictional writing, like character, plot, and setting. Essays Cisneros? These characteristics are what make the imagery of fictional writing so astonishing and magical. Character is a figure in the story that. Character , Fiction , Narratology 954 Words | 3 Pages. Sample essay Topic: Test anxiety causes university students to jonathan underperform in their examinations. Discuss. NOTE: The . essay is in the left column. In the right hand column there are short notes indicating the various academic writing skills present in the essay . Essay | Comment | This essay examines the relationship between test anxiety in by sandra cisneros university students and their performance in examinations. Typically universities use examinations to test part or even all the knowledge of students, particularly. Academia , Anxiety , Bachelor's degree 2517 Words | 7 Pages.

Sample essay Argue either in favour or against the impact of the essays internet on people's lives in the last decade. As an . avenue of entertainment and communication, and essays by sandra as a research and reference tool, the internet has had a huge impact on the modern societies of developed nations. Good Persausive Essay? At the essays by sandra cisneros same time, there is concern that the disadvantages and negative influences may outweigh the essays benefits to essays the society. This essay argues that, in lethem essay the last decade, the by sandra advantages of the internet far outweigh the. Family , History of the Internet , Internet 1326 Words | 4 Pages. Form ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form help REGISTER! Bottom of Form Essay Forum / Writing . Feedback / | | five paragraph essay about where should company spend his money on art or environment ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form AliAkbarzarei | Dec 15, 2012, 01:03pm #1 | a five paragraph essay about where should company spend his money on art or environment I just studying about daoism essay writing and it's just a.

Air pollution , Art , Environmentalism 926 Words | 4 Pages. ?Example of the Narrative Essay Why I learned English Many families reflect diverse cultural backgrounds that come together. My family’s . roots are intertwined with several ethnic and cultural backgrounds. My mother’s parents are American, but her ancestors are originally from England and Germany. My father’s mother is Peruvian, but his father is Egyptian. I grew up in Peru with my parents in a quiet neighborhood of Lima. My paternal grandparents lived down the street from us, but my maternal grandparents. Cat , Computer , E-mail 2464 Words | 7 Pages.

Sample Essay: Paralysis in Dubliners. Sample Essay for by sandra cisneros English 4950 Keycode: 2390 1 Paralysis in Dubliners A heavy theme found throughout the entirety of good persausive, . Essays Cisneros? Dubliners is the feeling of essays, paralysis that is felt by the characters in the stories. Reading the stories and analyzing them individually hints at the idea of paralysis but it is also easy to essays cisneros overlook it. Compare And Conrast? Upon reading all of the stories of Dubliners, the essays by sandra cisneros idea of paralysis is a common theme. This feeling of paralysis in Dublin and Ireland as a whole is a feeling that Joyce was trying. Dublin , Dubliners , Encyclop?dia Britannica 1489 Words | 4 Pages. ?Running head: FICTION ESSAY Fiction Essay Kijuana Lipscomb, APA Professor Christopher . Robinson ENGL 102-D04 Fiction Essay From a different perspective of compare and conrast essays, using symbolism and literary tone, Shirley Jackson, author of “The Lottery” and Nathaniel Hawthorne, author of “Young Goodman Brown”, both uniquely and cleverly depicts the hidden agendas and cisneros battles found within man. And Conrast? Jeremiah 17:9 clearly states, “The heart is deceitful.

Who can know it (Jeremiah 17 (King James Version))?” This passage. Allegory , Goodman , Mosses from an Old Manse 825 Words | 4 Pages. ? FICTION POEM ESSAY Fiction Poem . Essay Liberty University FICTION POEM ESSAY This poem deals with a man, who believes he has no real self-identification. However, in by sandra the midst of his affliction, and the pain of and conrast, being loss he finds his purpose and most of all his self worth. When reading The Lamb poem, it reminds me of how I felt when I first met the Lord.

I felt. God , Islands of the cisneros Forth , Jesus 787 Words | 3 Pages. ? Sci-Fi Formal Essay Quote: I don't try to on hobbes describe the future. I try to prevent . it. Ray Bradbury Science Fiction is a popular and interesting genre’s to essays cisneros read. It is fedex plan, a genre that helps childhood dreams of living in other worlds come to life, It is known as the essays by sandra literature of ideas because of the concept of imagination used in the stories e.g. time traveling, space travel, alien races, dystopias, utopias etc. It brings us to an imaginative. Future , Novel , Past 1346 Words | 4 Pages. 05/08/2015 Sample Academic Essay Sample Academic Essay Knowing How to Live Alone Introduction . Hook Alone one is never lonely, says the poet and author Mary Sarton in praise of and conrast essays, living along. By Sandra? Most people, however, are terrified of living alone.

They are used to living with others ­­ Connecting children with parents, roommates with Information roommates, friends with friends, husbands with wives. When the statistics catch up with them, therefore, they are rarely prepared. Chances are high that most adult men and women. Infantry battalions of the United States Marine Corps 753 Words | 3 Pages. ENG 102 fiction essay instruction. ? Fiction Essay Instructions In Module/Week 3, you will write a 750-word (about 3–4-pages) essay that compares . and contrasts 2 stories from the Fiction Unit. Before you begin writing the essay , carefully read the guidelines for developing your paper topic that are given below. Review the Fiction Essay Grading Rubric to see how your submission will be graded. Gather all of your information, plan the direction of your essay , and organize your ideas by on hobbes developing a 1-page thesis statement and outline. Character , Emotion , Essay 755 Words | 2 Pages.

SAMPLE ESSAY | . | |WHAT IS AN ESSAY ? It’s a brief text that discusses a matter, expresses a point of view, or persuades us to accept a thesis on any | |subject whatever. | | . Amnesty International , Capital punishment , Crime 944 Words | 5 Pages. gains confidence and control over by sandra cisneros both and ultimately dominates them. Works Cited Johnson, Greg. “Studies in Short Fiction .” Gilman’s . Homework Is Not Necessary Essay? Gothic Allegory: Rage and Redemption in “The Yellow Wallpaper” Vol. 26 Issue 4: 521-530. Academic Search Complete. Web. February 18, 2011 Dear Sara, I am writing this letter to tell you what I thought about your character analysis essay over “Greasy Lake.” Over all the paper was very descriptive and gave the name of a “bad character” to the protagonist. As Time Goes By , Charlotte Perkins Gilman , Marriage 1486 Words | 4 Pages. ? Sample of essays , letters and memorandum Letter of Enquiry English Language Society Tunku Abdul Rahman University College . 77 Lorong Lembah Permai Tiga 11200 Tanjong Bungah Penang 15 June 2013 Manager Paradise Hotel 23 Jalan Gembira 11200 Tanjong Bungah Penang Dear Sir ACCOMMODATION FOR THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE CAMP I am writing on behalf of the English Language Society of Tunku Abdul Rahman University College.

We would like to enquire about by sandra cisneros your accommodation at your hotel. . Bursa Malaysia , Economy of Malaysia , English language 751 Words | 4 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. ? Sample 1: Prompt: Your academic interests, personal perspectives and life experiences will add much to on hobbes Gallaudet’s diverse community. . Describe a personal experience that shows what you will bring to Gallaudet’s diverse community While attending Atlanta Area School for the Deaf, Ms. Jennifer observed my social skills and chose me to assist a student from abroad.

His name was Akeem. I was told to teach him American Sign Language. Essays By Sandra Cisneros? Akeem was born in Africa and came to the United States. American Sign Language , Family , High school 1516 Words | 4 Pages. Dystopian Fiction Comparative Essay. girl, Clarisse, he must hide and run from a government that hunts him down “So it was the hand that started it all . . . His hands had been infected, and . soon it would be his arms . . . Daoism Essay? His hands were ravenous”(42).. By Sandra Cisneros? They are both works of dystopian fiction where controls are used to daoism essay keep their inhabitants ignorant and “civilized”. However when it comes to contrasting the types of essays cisneros, controls used, we can say “Minority Report” uses more technology to limit civilian’s everyday life by inserting machines. Dystopia , Fahrenheit 451 , Minority Report 685 Words | 3 Pages. fantasies’.1 They are stereotyped into vacuous roles such as the and conrast essays romantic interest, damsel in distress and essays cisneros femme fetale. Daoism Essay? Female characters are given little . to no agency by white male writers and this is cisneros, overt in 20th century hard-boiled American crime fiction . Compare? In the works of by sandra cisneros, Dashiell Hammett and Raymond Chandler, female characters exist only to serve as foils to re-emphasize the hyper-masculinity of the Continental Op and Phillip Marlowe, their respective detective protagonists.

I put emphasise on the. Crime fiction , Dashiell Hammett , Detective fiction 2419 Words | 8 Pages. ? Sample Essay Answer Use the organization and layout of this essay , in jonathan lethem essay conjunction with the essay . rubric and worksheet, as a template for the in-class essay exams. Question: Compare and contrast the by sandra Chinese and Japanese attitudes and essays on hobbes policies regarding modernization beginning at cisneros, the time of sustained European contact but concentrating on the period between 1840 and 1910. How did their status change in the eyes of the Europeans? By 1840, Europe had at least nominal domination over much of the. China , Government of Japan , Great power 1156 Words | 2 Pages.

?Rebekah Frost LAL 153: Online Summer 2015 Unit 7: Literary Analysis Essay Literary Analysis Essay Final Draft Due: 6-20-15 . “Brownies by daoism essay ZZ Packer, Literary Analysis Essay Racism Among Our Youth Brownies is a short story about by sandra 4th graders who go on a summer camping trip near the southern suburbs of Atlanta in on hobbes Georgia. Laura, an African American girl, also known by her nickname ‘Snot’ to the other girls, narrates the story. The Narrator explains how her Brownie troop took a dislike on each. African American , Black people , Race 866 Words | 3 Pages. to look deeper and cisneros past the established facades. This also forces the daoism essay audience to question the actual safety and by sandra cisneros security offered in cities; and whether or . Jonathan Lethem? not crime is embedded in the very roots of all cities. By Sandra Cisneros? It is is not for students, common for hard-boiled crime fiction to establish male protagonists who are able to defend themselves in the corrupt and lawless cities. Essays By Sandra Cisneros? In L.A.

Confidential, the three main protagonists are all men. In fact, the whole Police Department is homework is not essay, operated by policemen. The role women play in. Crime , Crime fiction , Detective fiction 1347 Words | 4 Pages. ?AN ESSAY Speculative texts through the creation of distinct worlds can challenge or reinforce understanding of ourselves and how we live . in the world Utopian and Dystopian composers employ the essays cisneros creation of jonathan essay, distinct worlds as a medium to covertly express political concerns. The fictional worlds created by Aldous Huxley and Ursula K. Le Guin in “Brave New World” and essays by sandra “The Dispossessed” elucidate prevalent social issues of their respective contexts, provoking alternate understandings of humankind. Brave New World , Capitalism , Communism 1639 Words | 5 Pages. crime-writing genre consists of a wide array of subgenres and hybrids, these texts all focus on a criminal investigation using this as a platform/vehicle to . explore and comment on the values and the social context in which it was composed. In doing so, crime fiction texts do not just tell a crime story; they make insightful social comments to inform responders.

This is evident in P.D. Fedex Business? James’ “The Skull Beneath The Skin” (Skull) which not only follows an investigation but also comments on the justice and the emerging. Gender , Gender identity , Gender role 1862 Words | 5 Pages. ? Sample College Essay #1 The sun sleeps as the cisneros desolate city streets await the fedex business plan morning rush hour. Driven by an inexplicable . compulsion, I enter the building along with ten other swimmers, inching my way toward the essays cisneros cold, dark locker room of the Esplanada Park Pool. One by one, we slip into our still-damp drag suits and make a mad dash through the chill of the morning air, stopping only to grab pull-buoys and kickboards on our way to the pool. Nighttime temperatures in coastal California dip into.

Camping , Demographics , Family 2422 Words | 6 Pages. Sample Portfolio Essay #1 My time at Isothermal has greatly affected my life in many ways. And Locke? Thanks to by sandra cisneros my time spent at is not necessary, . Isothermal, I have decided that upon completion of my education, I hope to be able to work as a Spanish educator at K-12 and college level and essays cisneros as a Spanish-English translator. I have decided on these careers because of fedex business plan, my love for essays the Spanish language and lethem essay the fact that Spanish educators and translators are in high demand. I also believe that these are career choices with which I. Academic degree , Competence , Four stages of competence 2563 Words | 7 Pages. ? Sample Writing Essays 3. The idea of a minimum wage has been around for quite a while. Essays By Sandra Cisneros? If increasing the minimum wage helps . every one, no one would oppose an daoism essay increase. In your opinion, who are helped and who are hurt by an increase in the minimum wage?

In my opinion, more people are hurt by a minimum wage increase than are helped by it. Increasing the minimum wage helps some low wage workers in the short run but is detrimental to the majority of society in the long run. An increase in. Economics , Employment , Foreign direct investment 881 Words | 3 Pages. Biblical Worldview Essay The Book of Romans, written by the Apostle Paul, addresses the teachings on the natural world, the importance of . Essays Cisneros? human identity, speaks on human relationships and culture and what is expected of us as Disciples in order to enforce God’s intent, God’s law in essays on hobbes this world. Romans works as guidance for a life free of by sandra cisneros, sin and helps us see that with God we are provided the opportunity to shape the world we are currently living in. The natural world; in Romans 1:20, the Apostle.

Apostle , Christianity , Epistle 933 Words | 3 Pages. Sample Undergraduate Psychology Essay. SAMPLE UNDERGRADUATE PSYCHOLOGY ESSAY NB This is not a perfect essay . It was graded at 60% (A 2.1) and jonathan essay the . bibliography is missing! Drawing on Freudian and Attachment Theories assess the Relationship between early year's experiences and criminality. Psychological theories have attempted to explain the by sandra reasons for and how criminality occurs. The psychoanalytic perspective involves two major theories - Freud's theory of the Sexual Stages of Development and the Theory of Attachment purposed by fedex plan Bowlby.

Crime , Criminology , Developmental psychology 1600 Words | 5 Pages. cared deeply for his family - Tessie while also hopeful cared more about herself 3. Imagery - Paul: fortunate and essays by sandra cisneros hopeful - Tessie: . unfortunate and unpleasant 4. Summary: Paul is more successful Compare Contrast Essay : The Rocking-Horse Winner/The Lottery By: Michaela Rhea Gates Gambling, whether for life or money, is risky and success is not guaranteed, even if you ‘win’. Daoism Essay? Two different tales both involving risk. In “The Rocking-Horse. Gambling , Horse , Horse racing 781 Words | 3 Pages. Stacey Jones Short fiction paper 11/06/12 Shirley Jackson “The Lottery” Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” is cisneros, a chilling tale of a small . town whose people had to participate in homework necessary for students a lottery each year.

The first onset of essays, this reading depictures a story of hope. The first few paragraphs shows truth in compare essays what you would think is going to be a heartfelt happy story; it was clear and sunny, with the essays by sandra cisneros fresh warmth of a full summer day; the flowers were blossoming profusely and good essay the grass was richly green. Fiction , Narrative , Rajm 1108 Words | 3 Pages. An essay about the science fiction film genre. Science Fiction Film: An Overview The science fiction film genre has been around almost as long as movies have, but like the essays cisneros . cinema it is still a fairly young art form. Plan? This genre came into by sandra existence shortly after the essay invention of the movie camera in by sandra cisneros 1888 and has endured for daoism essay over one-hundred years. Essays Cisneros? Science fiction is adaptive; it changes with the times and daoism essay this trend can be seen in by sandra its incorporation of other genres, cultural history and technology. Fedex Plan? This essay will attempt to define the genre, chronicle. Film , Film genres , Horror film 1821 Words | 5 Pages. How To Break Up With Someone - Free Essays www.123helpme.com/preview.asp?id=70362 How To Break Up With Someone Almost everyone will have . to break up with a boyfriend or a girlfriend at some point in by sandra his or her life. Breaking up is honestly a . | | | | Surf Canyon recommends these Google results: | | | | ? Free Process Essay Essay - Geez (from page 3)www.antiessays.com/free- essays /82352.htmlApr 5, 2011 – Marcquon Mitchell Process Essay Professor Nigro How to business get over a break-up.

Human bonding , Interpersonal relationships , Love 645 Words | 3 Pages. Elements of Fiction 1. Settings * Place and time where the story takes place * It sets the mood of the story 2. Characters . Essays By Sandra Cisneros? * Elements that move in the story *Classifications of Characters* * Protagonist – good guys * Antagonist – bad guys * Round – complex, many sided * Flat – one to two traits only plan * Static – sake sort of person from the cisneros beginning till the end * Dynamic/developing – undergoes permanent change * Major – main roles * Minor – supporting. Antagonist , Climax , Fiction 497 Words | 4 Pages. Reflective Essay Sample Reference. ?Reflective Essay on on hobbes to give subcutaneous Injections Introduction This assignment is a reflective account on essays by sandra cisneros nursing skills that I was assigned . while on placement in good essay an Organic Mental Health In-Patient Ward, presented with physical conditions and early stages of dementia. The three skills I want to essays by sandra cisneros base my essay on are Subcutaneous Injections, Physiological skill – limited to essay measurement of blood pressure, Blood Glucose Testing. A brief definition of reflection will be attempted and the importance. Blood glucose monitoring , Hypodermic needle , Insulin 1885 Words | 5 Pages. Med School Essay One As a potential medical student, I will strive to by sandra cisneros be a tremendous asset to The Chicago Medical School by devoting all my . Homework Necessary Essay? time and life to cisneros becoming an excellent physician. I believe that I am obligated to use my talents in a constructive manner, in daoism essay a manner that benefits society. The medical career gives me the unique opportunity to express my many talents while benefiting human life.

B. Berston M.D. Essays Cisneros? once said: . a funny thing happens to jonathan lethem essay medical students on their way to. Doctor of Medicine , Health care , Human 994 Words | 3 Pages. ?Prompt: ‘Absolute Power Corrupts Absolutely’ – (Lord John E.E.D. Acton) Topic: Write an essays cisneros expository essay exploring how the daoism essay prompt relates to . the context of power and Animal Farm. Power is a reality. Cisneros? Almost all societies, developed or primitive, have systems of essay, government in which authority figures direct and shape the structure of their communities. Moreover, these figures may be drawn to government through a genuine wish to essays cisneros enhance the welfare of the people, and assist with important public. Animal Farm , Communism , George Orwell 1348 Words | 2 Pages. from any other source such as the internet. Name: Ann E Body Date: 01.01.01 Please write the essay title in on hobbes and locke FULL . below: Montessori saw movement as a harmonising factor in the child’s development.

Explain how the underpinning ethos of the prepared environment facilitates a balance between the mental and physical energies of the child. This essay will examine the way in which the principles of the prepared environment aim to support the child’s mental and physical. Activity , Developmental psychology , Maria Montessori 2165 Words | 8 Pages. Progress ESSAY Theodore Roosevelt once said, “A great democracy must be progressive or it will soon cease to be a great democracy.” This . quote illustrates his belief that a great country can be advanced through challenge and pursuit of the innovative. Society’s development is based on adopting pioneering values, rather than maintaining conventional ways. The benefits of by sandra, progress and innovation are exemplified by the New Deal policies implemented by daoism essay Franklin D. Roosevelt. By Sandra? As a response to. Democratic Party , Eleanor Roosevelt , Franklin D. Roosevelt 1017 Words | 4 Pages. “’I thought you inherited your money’” (95).

To reply, Gatsby states, “’I did, Old Sport, but I lost most of it in the big panic – the panic of the war’” . Winston Patterson 5/17/10 9:38 PM Comment: Single quote inside a double quote to essay indicate a quote in essays cisneros the passage was quoted in and conrast the essay . (95). After giving an inappropriate reply to Nick’s later question concerning Gatsby’s business, he clarifies that he “was in the drug business and then . Essays Cisneros? . . in the oil business” (95). Gatsby’s obstruction, the fedex lack of money. American literature , Arnold Rothstein , F. Scott Fitzgerald 2590 Words | 8 Pages. Denis Salinas 04/23/2013 “Pulp Fiction ” Film Review When giving a film and evaluation it is obvious that acting, setting and plot would fit . in every gender, however to evaluate a crime movie the expectations and feedback changes. Crime movies are known for having a flexible plot that allows mystery and by sandra tension build up, characters and acting that will maintain their role alive and jonathan lethem essay transfer emotions and dialog that stays clear and understandable. Essays By Sandra Cisneros? Writing that is able to keep the on hobbes and locke audience concentrated.

Actor , Bruce Willis , Film 1061 Words | 3 Pages. Singh English 254-004 Essay March 11, 2010 “Women in Fiction ” “A Room of One’s Own,” is an essay before its . time Virginia Wolfe takes a unique approach when choosing to write her essay in the form of a fictitious novel. Wolfe wishes to bring attention and attempt to explain the injustice and essays by sandra cisneros prejudices women have faced in fiction . Through her essay the reader receives a unique glimpse into the mind of the essay author while she attempted to fight for equality for women in fiction . She states, “Lock up. Mind , Philosophy of mind , Short story 1727 Words | 4 Pages. Sample essay The use of cisneros, sample essay is compare, a good way to relax your nerves. The beginners who have some . problems in addressing an essay find such narrative essay very useful. It is not at all difficult to get access such studied papers. By Sandra Cisneros? The university and college archives are usually full of such instances. All you must do is to select the theme and then, as per Customessays.co.uk, you can check out the latest dissertations available online or otherwise.

While you are sifting through such short. Concepts in metaphysics , Creative writing , Doctor of Philosophy 525 Words | 2 Pages. ?Modern Fiction is an is not necessary for students essay essay by Virginia Woolf. The essay was written in 1919 but published in cisneros 1921 in good persausive with a series . of short stories called Monday or Tuesday. The essay is a criticism of essays, writers and literature from the previous generation. It also acts as a guide for writers of modern fiction to write what they feel, not what society or publishers want them to fedex plan write. Synopsis Virginia Woolf's Modern Fiction details how modern fictional writers and authors should write. By Sandra? Woolf stated that a writer. Anton Chekhov , Essay , Leo Tolstoy 1097 Words | 3 Pages. University of daoism essay, Phoenix Material Overview – Week Two Academic Essay Analysis Rhetorical Strategies - Part Two Compare and . Contrast Essays should not be a superficial listing of by sandra, similarities and differences but should have a clear purpose and be aimed at a specific audience. Compare and contrast can be an important tool to a researcher.

The strategy should be used to show differences clearly and if strong parallel construction is used, the writer can make a convincing point. This organizing. Case study , Essay , Logic 880 Words | 3 Pages. typical science fiction story, I find myself completely perplexed. But then again, what is exactly a ‘typical science fiction . story’? Because many critics, I believe, would never say that nothing in essay the body of work of essays cisneros, this eccentric writer is ‘typical’. Rather he would show all signs of ‘atypicality’, of is not necessary, eluding any specific genre classifications.

But, then again, none of literary critics seem to agree or, rather, agree to cisneros disagree on the subject of the definition of term ‘science fiction ’. But even. Dystopia , Fiction , George Saunders 1444 Words | 3 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the essay definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an article, a pamphlet and essays by sandra a short story. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in on hobbes and locke verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Essays By Sandra? Alexander Pope's.

Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. ?????,???????????: - ????????(probability sample ,??random sample )? - ????(the sampling frame)???????????????????? - . Fedex Plan? ?????(The Sample Size)? - ????(the sample design),???????????? - ???(the rate of response),?????????????????? ¦ ?????????? - ????????the sample frame(????)? - ??????????????????????,???????????????????? - ???????,?????,??????,???????????? ¦ The Sample Frame ?????????????????????????,????????????,????????????????the sample frame ? - ???????????: . Cluster sampling , Random sample , Sample 386 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for debate; there have been mixed results for companies and essays cisneros individuals who have . And Locke? pursued social responsibility. There is also the essays by sandra question of compare and conrast essays, whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of essay is essays, based on philosophical theories on the necessity of good essay, social responsibility backed up with facts about cisneros previous social responsibility efforts. For example, an essay could be about on hobbes how giving support to disaster. Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Writing, Sample Essay Topic: Philosophy Essay in German - 1220 Words.

Essay writing, sample essay topic: Philosophy Essay In German - 1220 words Formulierung des . Problems (Zusammengefasst): Man nehme an, dass es einen Hgel gibt auf dem eine Straenbahn fhrt und am Ende des Hgels eine Strae verluft. Cisneros? Nehmen wir an auf der Strae genau auf den Straenbahnschienen steht ein Schulbus voll mit kleinen Kindern und pltzlich versagen die bremsen der Straenbahn und sie rast auf den Schulbus zu. Es ist klar das alle Kinder sterben, wenn die Straenbahn den Schulbus trifft. Homework For Students Essay? Zwischen. 1230 Words | 4 Pages. ?SUPER SIZE ME SAMPLE INTRO: Super size Me, produced in 2003 and by sandra cisneros directed by Morgan Spurlock, is presented to viewers as an amusing . informative documentary that aims to is not essay tell its audience of the fast food industry and the dangers of its products. While the documentary looks at all fast food chains, it zeroes in on the multi-billion dollar corporation McDonald’s, making it the main subject of the documentary. Through well thought out film techniques such as selection of detail, film language.

Fast food , Fast food restaurant , French fries 795 Words | 3 Pages. Fiction Essays Introduction to essays by sandra cisneros Literature Class Professor Lay Fall 2009 Saint Louis Christian College 1 . Fiction Essays 2 Table of Contents 1 Everyday Use Victoria Mallory 3 2 The Swimmer Scott Worley 8 3 Bartleby, the plan Scrivener Nathan Diveley 13 4 The Open Boat Megan Sabourin 18 5 Bartleby, the Scrivener Michael Womble 23 6 Everyday Use Jessica Diveley 28 7 Separating Laura Hocking 33 8 Where. Boleslaw Prus , Essay , Fiction 32773 Words | 97 Pages. Is Reading Fiction is a Waste of by sandra cisneros, Time? English Diagnostic Essay Is Reading Fiction is a Waste of business plan, Time? ! ! Reading ?ction is not a waste of . time. There are many reasons why ?ctional books are good to read, but some of the main reasons are: reading ?ctional literature increases emotional awareness, enhances learning, and reading is by sandra, good for the mind.! ! ! Fiction is full of essays and locke, emotion. The avid reader feels many emotions and cisneros experiences lives through the characters in the book.

As William Styron said, “A great book. Consciousness , Emotion , Great Depression 479 Words | 3 Pages. is it useful to distinguish between science fiction and speculative fiction? ?GENY0002 SESSION 2 2013 Academic Skills Plus Essay 2 Atwood writes: “What I mean by ‘science fiction ’ is essays on hobbes, those books . that descend from H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, which treats of an by sandra cisneros invasion by compare essays tentacled, blood-sucking Martians shot to Earth in cisneros metal canisters – things that could not possibly happen – whereas, for me, “speculative fiction ” means plots that descend from Jules Verne’s books about submarines and balloon travel and such – things that really could happen but just hadn’t. Definition , Fiction , Genre 1778 Words | 4 Pages.

Fiction Essay: Young Goodman Brown. sinners. Goodman Brown's loss of faith has blinded him from seeing this only allowing him to view the world in daoism essay memory of the evil he viewed in essays the woods. . Work Cited Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Young Goodman Brown. Literature: An Introduction to Fiction , Poetry, Drama, and Writing. By X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. New York: Pearson Longman, 2007. Good? 90-99. Essays By Sandra? Print. Fedex Plan? . Allegory , Evil , Mosses from an Old Manse 1346 Words | 4 Pages.

?LIT02 ELEMENTS OF FICTION The six major elements of fiction are character, plot, point of view, setting, style, and theme. By Sandra Cisneros? . Essay? 1. Character -- A figure in a literary work (personality, gender, age, etc). Cisneros? E. Homework For Students Essay? M. Forester makes a distinction between flat and essays cisneros round characters. Flat characters are types or caricatures defined by is not necessary a single idea of essays by sandra cisneros, quality, whereas round characters have the three-dimensional complexity of real people. Homework Is Not Essay? 2. Essays Cisneros? Plot –- the major events that move the action in a narrative. It.

Emilio Aguinaldo , Fiction , Literature 1721 Words | 3 Pages.

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5 Examples of essays by sandra cisneros, How to Write a Good Descriptive Paragraph. A good descriptive paragraph is like a window into another world. Through the use of careful examples or details, an author can conjure a scene that vividly describes a person, place, or thing. The best descriptive writing appeals to all five senses?smell, sight, taste, touch, and hearing?and is found in both fiction and is not essay nonfiction. In their own way, each of the following writers (three of essays by sandra cisneros, them students, two of them professional authors) have selected a belonging or a place that holds special meaning to them. After identifying that subject in a clear topic sentence, they proceed to fedex business plan describe it in detail while explaining its personal significance.

On one corner of my dresser sits a smiling toy clown on a tiny unicycle?a gift I received last Christmas from a close friend. The clown#39;s short yellow hair, made of yarn, covers its ears but is by sandra cisneros, parted above the and conrast, eyes. The blue eyes are outlined in black with thin, dark lashes flowing from the brows. Essays By Sandra! It has cherry-red cheeks, nose, and lips, and its broad grin disappears into the wide, white ruffle around its neck. The clown wears a fluffy, two-tone nylon costume.

The left side of the outfit is light blue, and the right side is red. The two colors merge in a dark line that runs down the center of the small outfit. Surrounding its ankles and is not necessary essay disguising its long black shoes are big pink bows. The white spokes on the wheels of the unicycle gather in the center and expand to the black tire so that the wheel somewhat resembles the inner half of a grapefruit. The clown and unicycle together stand about a foot high. As a cherished gift from my good friend Tran, this colorful figure greets me with a smile every time I enter my room. Observe how the writer moves clearly from a description of the head of the clown to the body to the unicycle underneath. Notice also how the essays cisneros, concluding sentence helps to tie the paragraph together by emphasizing the personal value of this gift. My most valuable possession is an old, slightly warped blond guitar?the first instrument I taught myself how to play. It#39;s nothing fancy, just a Madeira folk guitar, all scuffed and scratched and fingerprinted.

At the top is a bramble of essay, copper-wound strings, each one hooked through the eye of a silver tuning key. The strings are stretched down a long, slim neck, its frets tarnished, the cisneros, wood worn by years of fingers pressing chords and jonathan lethem essay picking notes. The body of the by sandra cisneros, Madeira is shaped like an enormous yellow pear, one that was slightly damaged in business plan, shipping. The blond wood has been chipped and gouged to gray, particularly where the pick guard fell off years ago. No, it#39;s not a beautiful instrument, but it still lets me make music, and for that I will always treasure it.

Notice how the writer below uses a topic sentence to essays open his paragraph, then uses the following sentences to add specific details. The author creates an image for on hobbes the mind#39;s eye to travel across by by sandra cisneros, describing the parts of the guitar in a logical fashion, from the strings on the head to the worn wood on fedex plan, the body. Gregory is my beautiful gray Persian cat. He walks with pride and grace, performing a dance of essays by sandra, disdain as he slowly lifts and fedex lowers each paw with the essays by sandra cisneros, delicacy of a ballet dancer. His pride, however, does not extend to his appearance, for he spends most of his time indoors watching television and growing fat. He enjoys TV commercials, especially those for daoism essay Meow Mix and 9 Lives. His familiarity with cat food commercials has led him to reject generic brands of cat food in by sandra, favor of only the most expensive brands. Gregory is as finicky about visitors as he is business plan, about what he eats, befriending some and repelling others. He may snuggle up against your ankle, begging to be petted, or he may imitate a skunk and stain your favorite trousers. Gregory does not do this to establish his territory, as many cat experts think, but to humiliate me because he is jealous of my friends. After my guests have fled, I look at the old fleabag snoozing and essays by sandra smiling to himself in essays, front of the television set, and I have to forgive him for essays by sandra his obnoxious, but endearing, habits.

The writer here focuses less on the physical appearance of her pet than on the cat#39;s habits and actions. Personification is an effective literary device for giving lifelike detail to an inanimate object or an animal, and Carter uses it to great effect. Her choice of words conveys her clear affection for the cat, something to which many readers can relate. Once in a long while, four times so far for me, my mother brings out the metal tube that holds her medical diploma. On the tube are gold circles crossed with seven red lines each? #34;joy#34; ideographs in abstract. There are also little flowers that look like gears for a gold machine. Persausive! According to the scraps of essays cisneros, labels with Chinese and essays American addresses, stamps, and postmarks, the family airmailed the can from Hong Kong in by sandra cisneros, 1950.

It got crushed in the middle, and essays whoever tried to peel the labels off stopped because the red and gold paint came off too, leaving silver scratches that rust. Somebody tried to pry the end off before discovering that the tube falls apart. Essays! When I open it, the smell of on hobbes and locke, China flies out, a thousand-year-old bat flying heavy-headed out of the Chinese caverns where bats are as white as dust, a smell that comes from long ago, far back in the brain. This paragraph opens the third chapter of essays, Maxine Hong Kingston#39;s #34;The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts,#34; a lyrical account of a Chinese-American girl growing up in California. Notice how Kingston integrates informative and descriptive details in this account of #34;the metal tube#34; that holds her mother#39;s diploma from medical school. Inside District School #7, Niagara County, New York. Inside, the school smelled smartly of varnish and wood smoke from the potbellied stove. On gloomy days, not unknown in upstate New York in this region south of Lake Ontario and east of Lake Erie, the windows emitted a vague, gauzy light, not much reinforced by ceiling lights. We squinted at the blackboard, that seemed far away since it was on a small platform, where Mrs.

Dietz#39;s desk was also positioned, at jonathan lethem, the front, left of the room. We sat in rows of seats, smallest at the front, largest at the rear, attached at their bases by metal runners, like a toboggan; the wood of these desks seemed beautiful to by sandra cisneros me, smooth and of the jonathan lethem essay, red-burnished hue of horse chestnuts. The floor was bare wooden planks. An American flag hung limply at the far left of the by sandra cisneros, blackboard and fedex business above the essays by sandra, blackboard, running across the front of the room, designed to draw our eyes to it avidly, worshipfully, were paper squares showing that beautifully shaped script known as Parker Penmanship. In this paragraph (originally published in Washington Post Book World and reprinted in and conrast essays, ?#34;Faith of by sandra cisneros, a Writer: Life, Craft, Art,#34; Joyce Carol Oates affectionately describes the #34;single-room schoolhouse#34; she attended from first through fifth grades.

Notice how she appeals to our sense of smell before moving on to describe the layout and contents of the room.

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English and essays by sandra Comparative Literary Studies. This handbook is a guide that I’m hoping will enable you. It is geared, in particular, towards the seventeenth-century literature and culture module but I hope you will find it useful at other times too. I would like to stress, though, that it is essays, not the cisneros, only way to do things. It may be that you have much better ideas about what makes for a successful essay and have tried and tested methods of executing your research. There isn’t necessarily a right way and so I hope you will not see this as proscriptive and limiting. You should talk to all your tutors about what makes for a good essay to jonathan get a sense of the different ways that you might construct an essays by sandra essay. 1. Essay writing (p.2) 2. Close reading (p. 4)

4. Constructing an argument (p. 8) 5. Help with this particular assessment (p. 9) 6. Grade descriptions (p. 10) 1. ESSAY WRITING (and historicist writing in persausive essay, particular)

Essay writing has four stages: reading, planning, writing and proof-reading. Excepting the last, you may not find that they are not particularly discrete but rather interlinked and by sandra mutually informative. If any stage is fedex business, skipped or done badly, though, it will impair your work. 1) Read the text and essays by sandra make sure you understand it. Use the Oxford English Dictionary online to look up any words you don’t understand or if they are operating in an unfamiliar context. Available on daoism essay the Warwick web: http://www.oed.com.

2) Do a close reading. Make a list technical features (cf. the page in this booklet entitled ‘close reading’; refer to cisneros the section on poetic form in the back of daoism essay, your Norton Anthologies pp. 2944-52). Ask yourself: ‘how does the text achieve its effects?’ Then ask yourself: ‘how do those poetic effects relate to the meaning of the text?’. 3) Do some research, particularly on the historical theme, period, cultural group that you’re interested in. You could begin with a general history and then do a literature search for more specialist books and by sandra articles. It may help you to narrow your research to a particular theme or idea that is suggested, hopefully by your reading in 1) and 2). Daoism Essay? Rather than trying to by sandra cisneros find out about the whole of seventeenth-century culture, limit your research to persausive the restoration, cavalier culture, medicine, the essays cisneros, family or whatever. (See the handout on research). 4) Be careful when you take notes so that you will make no mistake, when you come to writing and referencing your work, about what is your work and fedex what is someone else’s. Read and essays be clear about the university’s rules on plagiarism which are laid out in essays, the blue booklet ‘Essay Writing and Scholarly Practice’ which you can get from the general office.

1) Begin by making a spider plan of all your ideas and the relationships between them. IF YOU DON'T LIKE SPIDERS FORGET THIS BIT. 2) Then write out a paragraph (which you will not include in your essay necessarily) called ‘MY LINE OF ARGUMENT’. By Sandra Cisneros? This will be information to yourself (so it can be very boringly and daoism essay functionally written) about what you intend to say. Ideally this should be a single big idea, which you can sustain for the length of the cisneros, essay, made up of stages that can be demonstrated with reference to the passage in question. It may well be that you want to business write something similar to this ‘line of argument’ paragraph, only in a more dynamic and essays by sandra elegant way, for daoism essay your introduction. See the essays by sandra, page entitled ‘constructing an argument’ that has an example of a ‘line of argument’ paragraph. 3) Then write out a linear plan of your essay with a logical ARGUMENT, an argument that is jonathan lethem essay, assertively stated and then proved through the course of your piece. TIP: try not to separate out style, content and context; discuss them together to show how the relate to one another. You are aiming to produce something that identifies and describes both the wood and the trees; indeed, the essays by sandra, trees are your evidence for the existence of the wood! You need to put together a big argument out of and locke, lots of bits of evidence.

1) Everyone has his or her own way of writing. I sometimes find it easier to essays by sandra write the middle of the essay first and then come to the introduction last, which is perhaps the hardest bit to fedex plan write. You may find that your ideas change and are worked out more fully as you start to write. Essays By Sandra Cisneros? In which case go back to and locke B) and produce another plan. Essays? Present your ideas as a finished thought, rather than a thought process. 2) Keep yourself closely to your argument by imagining your reader. Lethem Essay? Perhaps a friend, a tutor or a parent might serve: imagine them behind you as you write asking ‘SO WHAT?’, making you insist on its relevance and trying to prove a particular point. Imagine that you are a newspaper editor writing a polemic, trying to convince your readership of a particular point of view. 3) Inventing a title and essays cisneros writing an introduction.

You should try to make your essay interesting to an examiner. Which do you think is the best of these three titles: ‘Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’; ‘Discuss the question of daoism essay, race in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’; ‘The “gallant slave”: the idea of the noble savage in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’. Similarly with the cisneros, introduction. The first sentence should grab the examiner immediately. Which is daoism essay, a better first sentence: ‘Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko was published in 1688 and by sandra is a prose work about Surinam’; ‘At the heart of jonathan lethem essay, Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko stands the deep paradox of the ‘royal slave’. 4) Using secondary literary criticism. By Sandra Cisneros? It is, of course, good to and locke read lots and to incorporate that reading into by sandra cisneros, your work. Is Not Necessary Essay? What you are attempting to do, though, is to position your independently arrived at ideas in relation to other critics in the field. You shouldn’t be deferential or let the ideas of essays by sandra, others drag you off course. You should USE other people’s work in good essay, the service of your own argument. For example, you might disagree with a critic; you might apply their theory about one text to another; you might say that their work hasn’t gone far enough in its assessment.

Never use a quotation from someone else to clinch an argument: just because someone famous has said x or y it doesn’t mean that it’s necessarily true. I sometimes find it useful to write a draft of my paper that includes no secondary reading at all, basing it just on my general knowledge of the essays, critical field. I then do some detailed research in fedex business, secondary criticism before writing a second draft. This means that the essays by sandra cisneros, agenda is not dictated by other scholars, and ensures that I use them rather than becoming their spokeswoman. Make sure, of compare and conrast essays, course, that all your reading is properly referenced to essays cisneros avoid a charge of plagiarism. 1) Check the spelling: in particular the names of the author and the text that you’re looking at MUST be spelled correctly.

2) Check your punctuation. If you don’t know how to use particular punctuation marks please get a book and learn how. Homework Is Not For Students Essay? In particular the misuse of apostrophes is deeply irritating to an examiner. By Sandra? The Collins gem guides are really good also Lynne Truss, Eats, Shoots and Leaves is fun and informative. 3) Make sure that you get hold of the blue booklet, ‘Essay Writing and Scholarly Practice’, from the general office. You must use the essays on hobbes, reference guide in there. I favor the MHRA guidelines; you may prefer the MLA style.

If you do reference a website it is essays by sandra, best to put it in a footnote rather than the text were it looks ugly. You should always include some close detailed analysis of the literary text(s) that you’re discussing in your essay. This demonstrates your sensitivity to the forms, textures and ideological purpose of language. You should aim to show the relationship between form and meaning, between the business, text and cisneros its world. Fedex Business? Before you can put together an argument about the relationship between a text and its time you will need to do some close reading, compiling a list of essays cisneros, technical features in a text or an excerpt from a text. Choose excerpts that relate to themes or passages that interest you. Then you can develop a checklist of features to look for. Use this as a guide but you may want to add to, or amend it. *** What you see will be very different from what other people see. So, although it looks like a slightly dry exercise, this is where your ideas, your originality will come from. Close reading, in any module, will make your essays sparkle. *** #61623; Prose, drama or poetry?

#61623; Genre? (e.g. is daoism essay, it panegyric, epic, restoration comedy or what ever) #61623; Does it remind you of anything? Can you compare or contrast it with something of a similar date? Or, alternatively, compare it with something of essays by sandra cisneros, a similar genre from the previous or next decade, for example, in order to investigate change over time. #61623; Poetry: metre, rhythm and business plan rhyme. Cisneros? Look at essays on hobbes and locke the section on poetic form at the back of the Norton Anthology (p. 2944) and other guides. By Sandra Cisneros? Don’t just describe metre etc but ask yourself how it works in that particular passage. How are units of is not necessary essay, meaning created by the line divisions?

When a poet downplays or emphasizes a particular word through positioning it in cisneros, a particular way, what effect does it have? How does the poet manage tone, pace and register with his use of rhyme and rhythm? iF THESE FEATURES ARE NOT IMPORTANT IN YOUR PIECE IGNORE THEM. #61623; Drama: look at the length / speed of the speeches, the lethem, stage directions, the entrances and essays cisneros exits. #61623; Prose: rhetorical features and clause structure are the things to necessary essay look out for in particular. Are the sentences complex or simple? Is it in hypotaxis or parataxis? What about word order and syntax, is there anything unusual or unexpected there? #61623; What is the overall structure of the passage / text? Are there abrupt changes or a progression from one idea to cisneros another? #61623; What other structures are there?

Symmetries, comparisons and lethem contrasts, digressions, asides, repetition. Is there any dialogue? Are the arguments circular or progressive? #61623; Are there any words you don’t fully understand? If you aren’t in essays by sandra cisneros, a closed exam you could look them up in the Oxford English Dictionary online. This would also give you a sense of the homework is not for students essay, other meanings that that word might have. Are there any puns?

#61623; Think about grammatical features: tenses, conditional constructions, the passive voice. Is the passage in the first, second or third person? Perhaps there are tense or person shifts; what effect do these produce? #61623; Look out for predominance: several superlatives or comparative adjectives and adverbs; a lot of words that mean a similar thing, repetitions of possessive pronouns or what ever. #61623; What kind of language is being used? i.e. Essays Cisneros? what register is it in? Is it elevated or earthy, legal or lyrical, rhetorical or religious? Why?

#61623; Look for particular rhetorical features: metaphor and simile, hyperbole and litotes, personification, metonymy and so on. #61623; Look at punctuation (but be careful: it could be the intervention of good persausive essay, a printer or a later editor). Look out for: enjambment, parentheses, direct speech? When the punctuation is essays, sparse, why? Is it because there is a proliferation of conjunctions that resist punctuation like, for example, the good, word ‘and’.

This may indicate parataxis or a very conversational style. #61623; Look out for allusions and references, often to the bible or classical stories. If you don’t know them and you’re not in essays by sandra, a closed exam, look them up in a reference dictionary or on essay the internet. #61623; What is the tone of the passage? Is it homiletic, comic, anxious, melancholy or ironic? How is this effect created? #61623; Where else does that poet use similar phrases, ideas, patterns and images?

What does it say about his or her concerns and art? TIP: Don’t make simple associations between sense and sound. For example, whilst there are a lot of warm words that begin with ‘m’ (like, for example, milkmaid, mother, magic etc) there are also some, like ‘malice’, ‘muscular’, ‘murder’ which evoke quite different associations. You then need to think how those technical features, which you’ve noted construct the meaning of the passage / text. Do not think about essays by sandra form and content as separate things as if form were a kind of cloak in daoism essay, which meaning is dressed: they are organically connected. Above and beyond that you will also need to think about how that text (both its form and essays by sandra its meaning) relate to the particular concerns and fashions (literary, political, philosophical etc) of its time. You might think about the way in which repeated ideas in your text / excerpt link to significant contemporary discourses.

Look for jonathan essay substituted vocabularies: i.e. when love / sex is cisneros, discussed with the language of money / credit for example. Could that be related to prevailing economic trends and ideas? When you are constructing your ARGUMENT and writing your essay, consult your close reading list. Not everything there will be relevant to your ARGUMENT; you only want to include the things that relate, that offer evidence for a particular point of view about how the text is placed culturally, politically, socially and / or historically. Research is crucial for any essay and requires a certain amount of initiative. You will partly have to learn by on hobbes trial and error. Here are a few tips and ideas, though.

Read both narrowly (and address the theme of your essay) and also widely. So if you are, for example, researching infanticide, also research the family or law / crime. When you research a context it might be worth look at cisneros the work of philosophers, painters, and theologians and see what they were saying / doing in this period. An essay which looked at the early modern patriarchal family in the light of Robert Filmer’s political tract Patriarchia, for example, would be much more interesting than one that only looked at modern historians’ account of the early modern family. An essay that discussed the panegyric written to, or on a particular king, alongside the portraits that were painted of fedex business plan, him could also be very suggestive. EEBO might be very useful here at helping you to cisneros find out about, say, sermon culture or advice literature. (look at the last page of fedex, this booklet for some help here). Think of some the areas, themes, historical moments, authors and ideas that you want to find out about. List them as key words. For example: Aphra Behn, Oroonoko, race, royalism, restoration, early modern, colonialism, slavery etc Do not be limited here.

Think of terms / phrases that will give you some background too. By Sandra? How about compare and conrast essays ‘cheap print’, ‘renaissance politics’ etc Then begin on essays the computer. Be careful of stuff that you find on the ordinary WWW. It is not usually very reliable. Often this is stuff that people can’t publish in fedex business, proper books. Use it is a guide and be very critical.

1) http://www.jstor.org (through the Warwick network only). Here you can read articles from reputable, peer-reviewed journals on line. An excellent starting point. Try various combinations of your search terms in either the Basic search (will give you hundreds of items) or in by sandra, the advanced search form (which will give you much narrower and probably more useful stuff. Try it out; go to the advanced search form: A) In the box marked ‘All of these words’ insert the word ‘Behn’. Then tick the box marked ‘title’ and then also the box marked ‘article’. Press the ‘Search’ button. Persausive? See if you can identify any articles with a particularly historicist bent. B) In the box marked ‘All of essays, these words’ insert the words ‘White’ and ‘Black’ and homework is not necessary ‘England’. In the box marked ‘exact phrase’ enter ‘Seventeenth-century’.

Press search and see what you get out. Try other, similar search terms. C) In the box marked ‘All of these words’ insert the word ‘Royalist’. Essays Cisneros? In the box marked ‘at least one of these words’ enter the words ‘print culture’. Perhaps limit to articles by checking the relevant tick box. Press search and daoism essay see if any of those are useful. [you will see that sometimes you have to do some considerable sifting to find good things.]

2) The Modern Language Association of America database direct access from the Warwick network at: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/electronicresources/databases/#m. The bibliographic databases are listed alphabetically so scroll down to ‘M’. Select ‘MLA’. This will give you the reference only (although Warwick may provide a link to essays by sandra cisneros the on-line journal). You may find that some of the things that are listed you won’t be able to get because Warwick doesn’t subscribe to that journal or perhaps the item is good essay, a doctoral dissertation from another institution. Don’t worry, you’re not expected to read everything under the sun. Leave those things that you can’t get. Try it out: put in the search terms ‘Aphra’, ‘Behn’ and ‘race’ into by sandra, the keywords box. Press search and see what you get. 3) Historical abstracts: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/subjects/arts/elecresources/#databases_internet.

Again, use this database to help you compile a list of articles or books that you could look at either on-line, if Warwick has a link, or in the library. Ignore the things that you can’t get hold of. A) Put the search terms ‘restoration’, ‘race’ and ‘England’ into the keywords box. Press search. B) Put the good persausive, search terms ‘early modern’ and ‘print culture’ into the keywords box. Press search. Again you will have to by sandra cisneros decide what’s useful / relevant. 4) Use the library catalogue, don’t limit yourself to books about persausive essay English. Put in search terms that will give you books on the historical background that you’re looking for.

Once you have found one book on the shelf look around in that same area for others that will be related by subject. 5) Look on your reading list for general background books. CONSTRUCTING AN ARGUMENT. Producing a successful argument is a process that has a number of cisneros, stages. Often you will understand your argument better after you have started writing. It is important that you go back and re-plan your work, taking into account your new findings. You will need to develop a provisional thesis, however, so that you have somewhere to start: a focus for your close reading and research. You don’t need to argue that history is important for homework for students the study of literature.

You can take that as a given and essays move on to say something a bit more sophisticated about how the is not for students essay, particular poem / play or prose piece you’re working on intersects with a particular set of events or ideas in a specific historical moment. A good argument should be fairly specific rather than general and comprehensive. In particular, when writing a historicist essay, do not list the ways in which one text is embedded in its period. Instead choose one of those ways and research it in more depth. So, rather than writing about, say, Ben Jonson’s interest in Anabaptists, Spanishness, alchemy, the plague, etc in The Alchemist, choose one of by sandra cisneros, these themes and find out fedex business plan about it in the historiography of the seventeenth century and couple this research with a close reading of those sections of the play that treat that theme. Your readings of the text and the history of the times should suggest your detailed argument. Don’t think of your argument first and by sandra then try to press it onto the play or poem you’re interested in; allow your idea to grow out of your reading. Below is my best attempt at a LINE OF ARGUMENT for an essay on Rochester and Milton.

Again, I should stress that this is only by way of demonstration what I would do. This is very different from what you would do. There is essays on hobbes, no one way and your ideas will be as interesting / valid as mine. Don’t think that you have to produce something the same, or even necessarily similar I have done this just to give you an example of what I mean. I have tried to construct an argument which uses both close reading and historical context. Imagining the future in essays, the restoration: a critical comparison of the homework is not, poetry of John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester and John Milton. Line of cisneros, Argument: This essay will argue that Rochester’s poetry is not only persausive essay everywhere fascinated by time, regularly exploring what it is and essays cisneros how it operates, but that this interest betrays his sophisticated engagement with contemporary political philosophy. It will closely interrogate the forms of several of Rochester’s time-related poems for their political sensibilities. It will then contrast those poetic forms and political sensibilities with those in the poetry of daoism essay, John Milton and especially Paradise Regained.

Milton as I shall show with the use of historical evidence is very differently socially and politically placed, indeed at the other end of the ideological spectrum from the Earl of Rochester. I shall show that the difference is one of dispossession (Rochester) and providence (Milton). By Sandra Cisneros? Rochester’s narrators exist in fear of, and subject to an arbitrary and absolute future; Milton’s Paradise Regained, on fedex business the other hand, asks an imagined republican reader to wait in anticipation of a future in which God will deliver their political success. I shall explore the way in which Rochester’s pessimism the idea and tone of dispossession in his poetry and Milton’s optimism the visionary quality of his providential allegory stand in essays cisneros, contrast to on hobbes the respective fortunes of the political groups to essays cisneros which those poets actually belonged and at the particular times when the poems I’m discussing here were written and published: i.e. Rochester’s being part of the essay, royal court and Milton’s being displaced from his office at the restoration of Charles II. Essays Cisneros? This will arrive at, by way of conclusion, the jonathan essay, demonstrable sadness of some of Rochester’s verse which indicates the complex circumspection with which he viewed his own aristocratic, political community and by sandra cisneros its limited expectations of monarchical authority. HELP FOR THIS PARTICULAR ASSESSMENT.

Details of what you are expected to do are on the departmental website at: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/english/undergrad/modules/second/en228/assessedessay2/ There you will find a list of texts and details of how to find them on EEBO (Early English Books Online). Jonathan? Their website is by sandra, at: http://eebo.chadwyck.com/home. You need to download those texts, read them and then choose one to write about. You could also read the essays, published on the EEBO website, by fedex business previous Warwick students that have won prizes for their attempts at this assignment. By Sandra? http://www.lib.umich.edu/tcp/eebo/edu/edu_win_03.html. You might also use EEBO in your essay research. Persausive Essay? Try the subject list in particular. If you get yourself to the search form at http://eebo.chadwyck.com/search you can click on the link marked ‘select from a list’ next to essays by sandra cisneros the subject keyword box.

This has all sorts of interesting categories: look up, for example, ‘anti-catholicism’ or ‘restoration’, ‘credit’ or ‘murder’. I would like you to do what you can in terms of placing the text of your choice, and researching it. Then I’d like you to come and see me at the end of term with a title and essays on hobbes and locke a line of argument. By Sandra? You could also, if you wish, bring a longer essay plan. This is Isabel talking to essays her group.

We will all be available on email over the holidays--do ask. Gabriel won't be here after the holidays--he lives in London--but do come and see me, his group, if you need a person to talk to. USING THE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY. The OED can be found online (through the essays by sandra, Warwick network) at http://www.oed.com. Essays On Hobbes? When we read an edited text we often have a helpful gloss which an editor has provided so that words and phrases that we don’t understand are defined for us. In this assignment you will have to put together that gloss for yourself and the best way to start to essays by sandra do that is with the OED. Essays On Hobbes? The OED is an extraordinary resource that will give you assistance in all sorts of ways. For example: a) it will obviously help you to essays cisneros understand words which you don’t understand or unusual applications. It will also help you to find obsolete and dialect words.

b) it will help you to see how words have changed their meanings or emphases over time. c) it will help you to identify puns. Persausive Essay? There may be sexual or religious connotations to a particular word that we may have lost. Cisneros? Some times our modern definitions will co-exist with old, and now obsolete meanings. d) it will tell you the earliest use of a particular word. This is fedex, useful for working out which of several definitions might apply to the word you’re looking at. Look at the examples, that is the quotations that are given, and note their dates. It may be that you find that the word was new or recently borrowed from another language. Click the cisneros, ‘date chart’ button to necessary for students essay see the uses represented on a time line. It may be that you will find that a word is used differently and in different contexts at by sandra different points of the seventeenth century: what might the use of a particular word / phrase tell us about an author’s engagement with political, historical or sociological movements?

e) Look at jonathan essay the etymology: this might tell you about by sandra cisneros how the text you’re looking at engages with particular fashions or imperial encounters. Fedex Business? Look up, for example, ‘chocolate’ where does the word come from? At what period does it come into the language? f) the examples given in the dictionary will also help you to see how other contemporaries used the word or phrase you’re interested in, and in what sort of essays, contexts it came up. In this way it can operate as a concordance.

You should investigate the is not necessary essay, concordances available in by sandra, the library, by the way. Similarly they will give you a sense of how a particular word or phrase is used elsewhere. You should use the daoism essay, OED not just to by sandra look up words that you don’t understand but also other words, especially those that are used in an unfamiliar way. You will find more interesting things if you look up lexical, rather than grammatical words. That means verbs, adjectives, adverbs and nouns rather than prepositions, articles and good persausive pronouns. You need to remember that there was no standard spelling in the early modern period; the move to standardize spelling did not occur until the middle of the eighteenth century.

This means that when you have a word you don’t understand it you may not get an adequate definition by putting it in exactly as it is into the OED search box. Try that first but if it isn’t found, or you get a definition that is not right (i.e. the examples indicate that its earliest use was a lot later than your text) you should try different spellings. In particular the vowels are often interchangeable. Try every vowel combination that you can think of. By Sandra Cisneros? Try substituting ts and cs, us and vs and daoism essay other related consonants.

Try out the OED. Look up the following words: how have their meanings have changed? Where do the words come from? How were the words used at different points in history? And in essays cisneros, the seventeenth century in daoism essay, particular?

Department of English and Comparative Literary Studies, Humanities Building, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL.